“Hello, Ladies and Gentlemen. Welcome to the History of Java museum. We’re glad to see you and it is a great opportunity to guide you here. For your information, History of Java is the first Javanese Culture Museum in Yogyakarta that use modern IT technology. This Museum was established at the end of 2018 and dedicated for learning about indonesia culture especially in java history.”
We need to inform you that in the History Of Java museum there are 4 main zones which include: Theater Zone, Collection Zone, 3D Zone, Diorama Zone.
There is a theater room/zone. In this zone, we will show a film about the origins of the earth’s formation 250 million years ago, specifically the beginning of the formation of the island of Java and the arrival of the Proto Malays & Deutro Malays. We hope that you will enjoy this film. The show is only about 7 minutes long. Have a good time watching.
Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for watching the film that we show. Before moving on to the next zone, ladies and gentlemen can see that in this theater zone room there is evidence of the development of the formation of the Earth, the formation of the island of Java, the life of ancient humans who once inhabited Indonesia, ancient animals and their development. Ladies and gentlemen, before we enter the next zone/room , we urge you to please download the AR (Augmented Reality) application in the PlayStore specifically for Android users.
How to use Augmented Reality (AR)
- Open your smartphone, then open the Playstore application
- Visitors can search for these applications by searching the entertainment category
- Then select the History Of Java Museum AR application, which has the HOJ logo printed on a dark red background
- Type in the loop box (search) ‘History Of Java Museum’
- Visitors can download the application by clicking install.
- Wait until the application is downloaded, and click open.
- Point your camera at the image with the ‘please scan here’ logo printed on it.
- As for iPhone users, I’m sorry that it’s still not available on the iPhone appstore. And you are also allowed to open an auto self-guiding tour link.
How to use Auto Self Guided Tour
- Open your smartphone, then open Google/Browser/Opera Mini
- Visitors can search directly by typing historyofjavamuseum.com
- Then click on the AUTO text so that visitors can receive explanations directly from each visitor’s gadget.
This zone is the core zone of the History Of Java museum. We usually call it collection room/zone. In this collection room we have 5 aisles where each aisle has a sequential story from the beginning of the formation of the island of Java. The development of the Proto-Malay, Deutro-Malay, Kapitayan religion, Hindu-Buddhist religion in Java.
First Collection Room
Massive Migration to Indonesia
The great Austronesian migration to Indonesia was marked by the arrival and existence of the civilizations of the Deutro Malays and Proto Malays to Indonesia, especially Java. They left historical relics in this first window in the form of: Shoe axe, then Funnel Axe, Death Dolls, there is also a toy dog doll, there is also a place for beads/knick knacks. And the bottom is a relic of agricultural tools.
This terracotta puppet was found in Deutro Malay Funerals near East Java Sea. Some clams stick there. Deutro Malay believed that “Terracota Puppets” will being the spirit into the death world.
One of the ancestors that dominated Indonesia was known to be Austronesian. The Austronesian migrations brought to Java a particual agricultural tool kit, including the cultivation of rice, and a architectural and design heritage that remains legible today.
The agricultural tool collection is made of bronze and was found in East Java. In addition, early humans also began to think about food security by building food barns, to store surplus food production.
Funnel axes were used as tools by prehistoric humans during the metal age which lasted around 2000 to 3000 BC. Bronze axes mostly served as everyday tools, for example when hunting and farming. In addition, the function of the bronze axE, especially the funnel axe, is to be used in rituals or religious ceremonies and also as a symbol of greatness.
Shoe axes are found in South Sulawesi (Selayar Island), central Sulawesi, southern Sumatra, Java Island and on Papua Island which are found around Lake Sentani. This ax is generally used as a ceremonial tool and as a sign of the greatness of a chief or leader. It is also used for slaughtering and skinning animals.
Second Collection Room
Enter the Kapitayan Religion. The Kapitayan religion is a religion with animism, a belief held by ancient peoples in the archipelago, namely those belonging to the black race (Proto Melanesians) since the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic eras. With the arrival of the Austronesian people, the Kapitayan religion was adopted and carried on for generations by the Proto-Malay and Deutro-Malay races. This religion is commonly found in Java and is called ancient Javanese religion, ancestral religion, or Jawi religion. Kapitayan religion is monotheistic. And now it is the forerunner of the Javanese religion in the land of Java. There are 2 spreading figures, namely Semar & Togog. They are brother and sister. Remains in the form of sites and statues. Sites such as punden terraces, dolmens, menhirs and statues of Semar and Togog. There is also Bethok which is where the keris was first discovered.
Bethok is a stabbing weapon of the dagger class originating from Java which has a variety of cultural functions known in the western and central parts of the archipelago. The shape of the blade is fairly simple, unlike keris in general, it is slimmer and has a high aesthetic. Various kinds of life philosophies are embedded in the Bethok keris, one of which is this Keris as a mediator, neither too old nor too young. This is the first time the keris was found. Used as a tool for offerings to the god Semar / Togog. Sharp weapons that are thought to have inspired keris making can be found in Perundagian relics from the Dongson culture (old Vietnam) and South China in the 6th century. The material for making keris is steel and nickel. However, the scabbard is made of stone. With symmetrical and correct forging, it will produce the desired prestige.
Togog is the name of a Javanese wayang character, who has the nickname ‘The Poor God’. He has crossed eyes, a flat nose, a dower or wide mouth without teeth, a bald head, even his hair is only on the back of his neck, has bangs, and has a big bass or low voice. He is told as the son of a god who was born before Semar, but because he was unable to protect the Earth, Togog returned to his origins; at the same time, Semar was born. This Togog statue is made of wood and was found in Central Java in the first century, along with the discovery of dolmens.
Third Collection Room
Tells about the beginning of Hinduism entering Indonesia, especially the land of Java, which was brought by Hindus from India around the 9th century. Relics in the form of cremation urns to store the ashes after being burned, oil lamps, oil containers, tridents, statues of the god Vishnu, statues Dewi Tara, teapots from clay and trays.
A tray or commonly known as a tray is one of the many kitchen equipment. The tray itself is very useful, especially when serving food and drinks for guests. Serves to carry something from one place to another, so it doesn’t work 2x. This tray is made of iron and a mixture of bronze, found during the Hindu-Buddhist era, the Majapahit kingdom in East Java.
The Trisula weapon is Shiva’s weapon, one of the Trimurti who was often worshiped during the heyday of the Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms in Java. The trident is a three-toothed spear as a symbol of Shiva’s three characteristics as the creator, maintainer and destroyer of the universe and everything in it. Meanwhile in bhuwana alit or in the human body, the trident is connected with the trinadi, namely the three nerve nodes in the astral body consisting of ida, pingala and Susumna. In another part, the trident also symbolizes glory. Displaying the sacred weapon Trisula at the Shiva shrine is not just a symbolic object, because the presence of the Trident should awaken the sadhaka’s memory and enthusiasm to recognize the Trident within himself and make it a way to improve spiritual quality. Is a symbol of 3 gods in Hinduism found in the 14th century Majapahit era in East Java.
An oil lamp is an object used to produce light for a period of time using an oil-based fuel source. In ancient times used as a means of lighting. The use of oil lamps began thousands of years ago and continues today, though not as widely. This object is often associated with stories about jinns. Found around the 13th century during the kingdom of Kediri, Singasari. Made of bronze, silver.
The Fourth Room
It still contains relics of the Hindu religion and at the same time has Buddhist influence, because these objects are relics from the kingdoms in Java.
Alley 2 – History of the Entry of the Kingdom
It should be noted that Hindu-Buddhist civilization started from West Java, then Central Java to East Java. Starting from the founding of the Tarumanegara Kingdom in West Java. The Tarumanegara Kingdom is a Hindu-style kingdom in the archipelago that existed in the 4th to 7th centuries AD. The Tarumanegara Kingdom was located on the banks of the Citarum River, West Java. The founder of the Tarumanegara Kingdom was Maharesi Jayasingawarman from India, who came to the archipelago due to chaos and colonization by Maharaja Samudragupta’s troops from the Magada Kingdom.
The kingdom during the reign of King Purnawarman who ruled between 395-434 AD. Under his rule, the people were led wisely and Tarumanegara succeeded in controlling 48 regional kingdoms. The Tarumanegara Kingdom reached its peak during the reign of Purnawarman, who was the third king. Purnawarman is a follower of Hinduism, the Vaisnawa sect. In 397 AD, Purnawarman built the royal capital closer to the coast. The city was named Sundapura, the forerunner of the modern word “Sunda”. Maharaja Purnawarman was a brave, wise king who cared deeply about the lives of his people. During his reign, a 12 km long excavation of the Gomati River was carried out, to avoid natural disasters such as floods or drought during the dry season.
The economy in this kingdom is also progressing, as evidenced by the king giving alms of 1,000 cows to the Brahmins. Its inhabitants live by farming and the system of government is already in order. Also under his rule, there were 48 regional kingdoms controlled by Tarumanegara. Its territory covers almost all of West Java, starting from Banten, Jakarta, Bogor and Cirebon. In addition, the Kingdom of Tarumanegara has established diplomatic relations with China. The existence of diplomatic relations means that trade and shipping relations are established between Tarumanegara and China. The inscriptions left behind are for example the Ciaruteun inscription where there is the footprint of King Purnawarman.
Kerajaan Kalingga (Holing)
Then followed by the Kalingga Kingdom (Holing Kingdom) in Central Java, the Kalingga Kingdom is a Hindu-Buddhist styled kingdom in Central Java around the 6th century AD. The history of the Kalingga Kingdom can be known from the traces of the remains that exist today. The founder of the Kalingga Kingdom was Dapunta Syailendra who came from the Syailendra Dynasty. Kalingga Kingdom is also known by other names Holing Kingdom, Heling Kingdom and Keling Kingdom. This name is also a sign that the Kalingga Kingdom is close to China and
The Kalingga kingdom was considered the pioneer of the great kingdoms that ruled Java in the following years. This kingdom was led by Queen Shima. One of the rulers of Kalingga who was famous for being able to bring progress to the kingdom, namely Queen Shima or Dewi Wasuwari. During her reign, Queen Shima was known as a figure who was firm, authoritative, and just, so that her people could live safely, comfortably, and well. Kalinga’s glory is evidenced by progress in various sectors such as the economy, agriculture, military, trade, and religion. In addition, Kalingga is also known to have strong trade relations with China. This trading sector is supported by the presence of the largest port in Pekalongan. There are also relics from the Ancient Mataram Kingdom (Medang Kamulan) in the form of coins, rain summoning tools, statues, statues.
The tool is used to summon rain
This tool is made of bronze which is shaped like a barn. It has a mid-waist and a closed top. In prehistoric times, this tool was considered a sacred object. Usually used for ceremonies to summon rain, summon ancestral spirits, to war drums. In Indonesia, there are various forms of Nekara which differ according to their respective regions. Found around the Hindu (Ancient) Mataram Kingdom in Central Java Province.
Kingdom in East Java
Statue of Ken Dedes
Ken Dedes is the name of the consort of Ken Arok, the founder of the Tumapel Kingdom. He was then considered the ancestor of the kings who ruled in Java, the ancestor of the Rajasa dynasty, the ruling clan in Singasari and Majapahit. According to the book Pararaton, Ken Dedes was the daughter of a Buddhist priest, Mpu Purwa, from the village of Panawijen in the Gunung Kawi area, even though Ken Dedes came from a remote village, Ken Dedes’ beauty was very famous at that time. Ken Dedes remained humble and willing to get along with anyone regardless of class or ethnicity. even though Ken Dedes’ beauty aura is indeed amazing, Ken Dedes never shows his beauty with arrogance nor with arrogance. This statue was found during the Singasari kingdom in East Java in the 13th century. And it is made of bronze.
Then there is a showcase of relics from the Kingdoms in East Java including the Singasari Kingdom, the Kediri Kingdom, the Isyana and Kanjuruhan Houses in the form of statues and oil lamps. Then the last kingdom of the Hindu era in Java, namely the Majapahit Kingdom.
It was a kingdom that succeeded in uniting the Archipelago to Malaysia and Singapore, triumphed around the 14th century, relics in the form of statues, children’s toys, hand cannons, Majapahit sun, statues of dancers, small gongs, queen rings, queen pendant bracelets and so on.
Surya Majapahit : Symbol of Kingdom
Surya Majapahit (Matahari Majapahit) made of bronze, was found in the 14th century around the Majapahit kingdom. Surya Majapahit is a symbol that is often found in the ruins of buildings dating from the Majapahit Period. This symbol takes the form of an eight-pointed sun with a circular section in the center representing the Hindu Gods. This symbol forms a cosmological diagram that is illuminated by the typical “Surya Majapahit” sun beam, or a sun circle with a unique beam shape. Because of the popularity of this Sun symbol during the Majapahit era, archaeologists suspect that this symbol served as the State Emblem of Majapahit. Surya Majapahit can also be seen arranged according to the direction of the compass or cosmogony.
Entry of Islam to Java
When the Majapahit Empire had not yet collapsed, Islam entered Java brought by traders from India, China, Arabia and Persia. However, those who brought the most troops were from China during the time of Admiral Cheng Ho, bringing troops of 1,000 Muslim families. At first, they entered through the waterway, by establishing a mosque-type Langgar which was originally for trade, then discussed and spread Islam over time. This zone houses artifacts from the history of the spread of Islam, both in the archipelago and in Java. Collections of objects such as teapots, flower vases, incense holders, food containers and ancient books.
Used to burn incense, for ritual purposes and religious purposes. Discovered during the Islamic Mataram period in the Special Region of Yogyakarta in the 16th century. This tool is made of bronze, patterned with Arabic calligraphy.
Used to put flowers, vases can be combined with other decorations such as paintings or the like to add aesthetic value. Vases can be of various sizes to accommodate different types of flowers. Most vases have a similar shape, which is in the form of a tube with a hole in the middle. The feet or base can be round, flat, carved, or other shapes. The body of the vase is the main part of the shape. Some vases have an inward curved body or neck, which gives height, then curves back up to the top. Some flower vases are also known to have handles. This flower vase has an Arabic calligraphy motif, found during the 16th century Islamic Mataram, made of copper.
This hallway tells about Walisongo. They are known as someone who persistently spread the teachings of Islam in the 14th century in the land of Java. The Wali Songo are spread across East Java, Central Java and West Java. They quickly became known to the wider community because they often preached without forcing them to convert to Islam. Wali means representative, while songo means nine. Thus, Wali Songo are nine representatives or guardians of Allah SWT. The spread of Islam by Walisongo started from East Java, then to Central Java and finally to West Java. Wali Songo’s missionary journey has been recorded in the history of the spread of Islam in Indonesia. They have left many traces in preaching. Wali Songo brought major changes to Javanese society, which used to be mostly Hindu-Buddhist. Relics from the Walisongo era found in the History Of Java Museum are the Lontar Book, the Book of Fiqh, Places for Kings, puppets, European-style lamps, Charcoal Irons, Frying Pans, Place for Prayer Beads, Dandang, Water Vessels, Ampel Mosque, Demak Great Mosque, Menara Kudus Mosque, Sang Cipta Rasa Mosque, Cirebon.
The Ampel Mosque is located in Ampel, Semampir, Surabaya, East Java.
Great Mosque of Demak, located in Kauman, Bintoro, Demak, Demak, Central Java. This mosque is the Walisongo heritage mosque and the oldest on the island of Java.
Menara Kudus Mosque is located in Kauman, Kota, Kudus, Central Java. The mosque building is similar to a Hindu temple, because of Sunan Kudus, his religious tolerance is very high.
Sang Cipta Rasa Cirebon Mosque
Located in the Palace Complex, Cirebon, West Java. Sunan Kalijaga designed this building.
Lamp With European Style
Lamp With European style, but full of Arabic script is used for lighting. Found during the 16th century Islamic Mataram around the Special Region of Yogyakarta.
Dandang is a traditional cooking device. Dandang is used to cook rice, combined with kusan, oxtail and kekeb. Usually the boiler is made of copper. But now we more often find boilers made of aluminum. Cylindrical boilers with varying sizes. Some are 35 cm high and 30 cm in diameter, some are 45 cm high and 40 cm in diameter. The boiler can hold about 1.5 kg to 3 kg of rice depending on the size of the frame used and is used to cook rice when there is a celebration.
The first Islamic empire on the island of Java, led by Raden Patah, was located in the Demak area, Central Java. Founded in approximately 1478 or the end of the 15th century BC. Raden Patah is a descendant of the last king of the Majapahit Kingdom, namely Prabu Brawijaya V. His legacies are in the form of books, stamps, apem molds, pukis cake molds, egg holders, hundred oil containers, brass filters, bronze bags, bronze bath dippers.
The function of the bag at that time was to store various kinds of valuables, such as holy books, watches, jewelery and other objects. The bag model is to use a long strap (according to the user’s needs) and is usually hung on the corset. Meanwhile, handbags or handbags are made and used for daily needs. In the 16th century, the bag was made of bronze with an additional fastening button on top. Then as time went on, at the same time there was a development with the existence of a bag (generally a travel bag) with a larger size than the usual size. The bag is used in a crossed position by people who travel a lot.
It was founded in 1568 and collapsed in 1587. The founder of the Pajang Kingdom was Sultan Hadiwijaya, also known as Jaka Tingkir. It was Sultan Hadiwijaya who also succeeded in bringing Pajang to the pinnacle of glory. Pajang was the first Islamic kingdom in Java which was located inland. Where it was these kingdoms that had a big influence on the spread of Islam in Indonesia, especially Java.
The Kingdom of Cirebon is a well-known Islamic kingdom originating from West Java. The Sultanate of Cirebon was established in the 15th and 16th centuries AD. The Sultanate of Cirebon was also an important base connecting inter-island trade routes. The Sultanate of Cirebon is located on the north coast of the island of Java which is the border between the regions of Central Java and West Java, this makes the Sultanate of Cirebon a port as well as a “bridge” between 2 cultures, namely Javanese and Sundanese cultures. So that the Sultanate of Cirebon has a distinctive culture of its own, namely the Cirebon Culture which is not dominated by Javanese Culture or Sundanese Culture. His historical heritage is in the form of paintings that our ancestors were sailors, oil lanterns, daggers, miniature golden carriages, heads of royal ships and statues depicting their ancestors.
Jatayu is a mixed mythological bird between an eagle and a dragon. Jatayu is the protagonist of the epic Ramayana, son of Aruna and nephew of Garuda. He is Sempati’s brother. He is a bird who saw how Dewi Sita was kidnapped by Rawana. He tried to fight but lost the fight and finally died. But before he died and was still dying, he was still able to report to Sri Rama that Dewi Sita, his wife, had been kidnapped. The place where Sri Rama found the dying Jatayu was called “Jatayumangalam”, now known as “Chadayamangalam”, located in Kollam District, Kerala. The big rock in that place is named “JatayuPara”, taken from the name Jatayu. The place is used as a tourist attraction.
Sultanate of Banten
An Islamic empire that once stood in the region of Banten, Indonesia. It began around 1526, when the Sultanate of Demak expanded its influence to the west coast of Java Island, by conquering several port areas and then making it a military base and trading area in anticipation of the realization of the agreement between the Sundanese and Portuguese kingdoms in 1522 m. After the Banten Kingdom, the Islamic Mataram Kingdom was formed. Starting from Ki Ageng Pemanahan was a descendant of the Pajang sultanate who was then sent by his family to Tripe Alas / Clean Up the Mentaok Forest around DIY and Central Java. As a reward for his good behavior. The first sovereign king was Danang Sutawijaya (Panembahan Senopati), son of Ki Ageng Pemanahan.
Islamic Mataram Kingdom
The Islamic Mataram Kingdom was an agrarian/agricultural based kingdom and relatively weak maritimely. It left several historical traces that can be observed until now, such as the Mataraman village in Batavia/Jakarta, the rice field system in the Pantura of West Java, the use of hanacaraka in Sundanese language literature, feudal politics in Pasundan, as well as several regional administrative boundaries that are continuing until now. which became the forerunner of the Yogyakarta Sultanate / Palace. His historical heritage is in the form of ceramics, clay tools, copper/brass tools, chests for storing books, trumpets from the Turkish empire and so on.
Statue of Loro Blonyo
The Loro Blonyo statue is used to welcome guests, usually placed in the front yard of the house.
This Rajah shirt was used when the Islamic Mataram troops were going to fight or going to silat/self-defense.
Tells about the success of Sultan Agung when he won the Islamic Mataram Kingdom. In its golden age, it once united the land of Java and its surroundings, including Madura. This country once fought the VOC in Batavia to prevent the growing power of the trading firm, but ironically it even had to accept VOC assistance in the last days before its collapse. In this hall there are also relics after Sultan Agung came to power, the objects of which are Javanese Manuscripts, Rajah Clothes, Circumcision Chairs, Mail boxes, gamelan miniatures, oil lanterns, gamelan musical instruments, clogs, masks, congklak.
Functioning as a tool for making stamped batik, stamped batik which is commonly called stamped batik is batik made using stamps, printing tools, or stamps made of copper or wood and on the copper there is the desired batik pattern. This tool was found in Yogyakarta in the 18th century.
Java war because it happened in the land of Java. This war was one of the biggest battles ever experienced by the Dutch during their occupation in the archipelago.
The war occurred because the Prince did not approve of Dutch interference in royal affairs. In addition, since 1821 local farmers have suffered from misuse of land leases by Dutch, British, French and German citizens. as of January 31, 1824.
However, land owners are required to provide compensation to European land tenants. Prince Diponegoro was determined to fight back by canceling the Puwasa tax so that farmers in Tegalrejo could buy weapons and food. Prince Diponegoro’s disappointment also escalated when Patih Danureja, on orders from the Dutch, installed bollards to build a railroad crossing his ancestral graves. He was then determined to fight the Dutch and declared a war attitude. The war took place in 1825-1830.
Gender Instrument Music Gamelan
Gender is a metal percussion instrument (metallophone) which is part of the Javanese and Balinese gamelan instruments. This tool has 10 to 14 pitched metal (brass) blades suspended from a file, above a resonator of bamboo or zinc, and tapped with a round-shaped mallet with blades of wood (Bali) or cloth-covered wood (Java). The tone varies, depending on the scale used. In complete Javanese gamelan there are three genders: Slendro, Pelog pathet nem and Lima, and Pelog pathet Barang. Gender shape resembles gangsa in Balinese gamelan and slenthem in Javanese gamelan. The gender in the photo is a relic of the Islamic Mataram Period in the 16th Century.
Traditions in the Special Region of Yogyakarta
Sekaten is one of the traditional ceremonies that developed in the life of the people of the Special Region of Yogyakarta. To commemorate the birth of the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W. This ceremony is held periodically once a year, namely every 5th to 11th of Rabi’ul Awal (or in the Javanese calendar it is called the month of Mulud). The sekaten ceremony was closed on the 12th of Rabi’ul Awal by holding the Garebeg Mulud Ceremony. In essence is a tradition passed down by our ancestors. In the beginning, the ceremony was held every year by the kings in the Land of Hinduism, in the form of congratulations or offerings to the spirits of the ancestors. But in its development, the Sekaten Ceremony is a means to spread Islam through gamelan art activities. The spread of Islam used the media in the form of gamelan art because the people at that time were fond of Javanese art with its gamelan. So, to commemorate the Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad SAW, it is no longer with tambourine art, but with gamelan art.
As an Islamic Da’wah Method that has been adapted to Javanese culture. The Selikuran Night tradition is expected to be a reminder to give more alms, self-reflection, and also to activate other acts of worship in the ten days of the month of Ramadan.
Contains the cultural heritage in Java such as Keris Crafts, Batik Crafts, Mask Crafts and Wayang Crafts. His legacy includes miniature officials, jepaplok, pathok land dividers, kenthongan, sundials, daggers and their properties, leather puppets, wooden puppets, puppet shows, zinc puppets, mask crafts, batik crafts left by Tien Soeharto’s mother’s family.
Jepaplok means opening and closing the mouth. This dance has a uniqueness that is different from other dances, namely the movements are freer and tend to be fast with an aura of magical and sacred dance. Usually used for Reog/Jathilan arts. Made of wood, discovered after Mataram Islam came to power.
Kenthongan is an art which in its performances uses a musical instrument made of bamboo, or it is called a kenthong which is usually used or used by people when they are patrolling on siskamling. However, this kenthongan is used to call prayer times, was invented after the Islamic Mataram Kingdom and is made of wood.
It is a traditional weapon for the Javanese people. It has a sharp and sharp tip. The shape of the keris is very distinctive and easy to distinguish from sharp weapons in other areas. Keris is asymmetrical in shape because the blade is often winding, and has bright metal coating fibers on the blades.
The famous keris is the one with waves and twists or jagged. Generally, a keris has three parts, namely blade (knife), upstream (handle), and sheath (sheath). Carved with care, the parts of this keris have an artistic meaning in themselves.
Wayang is a classical Javanese shadow puppet show which is known to have developed since before the 10th century. Wayang is famous for its elaborate and orchestrated performances and this ancient form of storytelling originates from the Indonesian island of Java. The term wayang comes from the Indonesian word for “shadow”. Shadow puppets, using figures made of buffalo hide, are considered to be the oldest independent forms of wayang, the earliest reference to this type of wayang dating from the 800s.
Wayang kulit is a performance that engages audiences with riveting storylines skillfully executed by the puppeteer. The puppets are made of buffalo skin and are intricately designed, down to the minutest detail of costume and color, to help the viewer distinguish between the different characters. In his performances, the dalang would tell stories of kings, princesses, giants, and knights, using deft hand movements and narration. Meanwhile, in traditional performances using cotton sheets and oil lamps to create play of light, electric light bulbs or other light sources are used at this time. In his performances, the dalang would tell stories of kings, princesses, giants, and knights, using deft hand movements and narration.
There are also relics from the Surakarta Sunanate, the Mangkunegaran Duchy, the Pakualaman Duchy, the Yogyakarta Sultanate, including archery, shields, hats, combs, glasses and plates, books, old cameras, serving hoods, royal umbrellas and so on.
Ladies and gentlemen, the exploration in the collection room/zone is over, let’s head to the next zone, namely the 3D zone, where we can watch 3D movies.
Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the 3D zone, please wear glasses, but after finishing please return them. So in this zone we will show a film about the love of parents for their children packaged in films about ancient animals, namely dinosaurs. The film is about 7 minutes long.
Sorry ladies and gentlemen, the film is over, and please return the glasses, then please enter the next room/zone, namely the Diorama zone.
In dioramas there are lots of places to take pictures and you can see it in 3 dimensions, very interesting isn’t it? His photo spots include: Gunungan/kirab, ancient traditional markets, when the great sultan fought the VOC in Batavia, Karangantu Harbor, Tiger Hunt in Java, and the wedding of the Kraton’s daughter.
Gunungan is a term for a collection of food or food ingredients that are arranged in such a way as to resemble a mountain, and in time will be taken out for the people to fight over.
Old traditional market
The market, in the past, was the center of the economic cycle of society where transactions at that time were carried out without going through complicated procedures. The market at that time was also the center of the crowd. In Central Java, the market itself is divided based on days in each region, so that a region’s economic cycle is more evenly distributed.
Sultan Agung’s resistance to the VOC
Sultan Agung when he was enthroned as King of Mataram Islam continued to expand his territory to most of Java, Sultan Agung also carried out attacks on Batavia which was then controlled by VOC colonialists led by Jan Pieterzen Coen. At that time Sultan Agung’s troops were also reinforced with elephant cavalry troops which were quite frightening for his opponents.
It is the second largest port after Sunda Kelapa Harbor in Jayakarta. In the 16th century, this port became a stopover for traders before continuing their journey to the Australian continent. In fact, when the Dutch first entered Java in 1596, they used the services of this port to anchor.
Tiger Hunt in Java
Previously it was only a tradition for aristocrats, but during the colonial period, tigers were hunted alive to then be pitted against buffalo or robbed (beaten by crowds) as one of the symbols of Javanese human strength against outsiders (colonialists).
At the Yogyakarta Palace
The palace’s official carnival is not held too often, usually after the coronation of the Sultan or at a royal wedding. The last Imperial Wedding Carnival was held at the wedding of Sultan Hamengkubuwono X’s daughter, GKR Hayu, to KPH Notonegoro on 23 October 2013.
Thank you for visiting the Museum of History Of Java, I hope you are willing to come back, be careful on the road, hope you arrive safely at your destination.
Wassalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh